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Portfolio management process
There are three major steps involved in a portfolio management process.
1. Planning. It begins with evaluating investor’s risk tolerance, return objective, time horizon, tax considerations, the need for liquidity and income, and any other aspects that might affect investing decisions. This evaluation helps create the investment policy statement or IPS, which lists objectives and constraints of the investor. Typically an IPS includes an objective benchmark such as an index, against which the performance of the investor’s portfolio can be measured. The recommended frequency of revising the IPS is once every few years or whenever there is a major change in investor’s goals or constraints.
2. Execution. Here the portfolio managers evaluate risk and return of various asset classes to determine the fund allocation. In top-down analysis the manager considers the current economic conditions along with predictions about macroeconomic factors such as interest rates, GDP growth and inflation. This helps identify the asset classes that fit the investor’s portfolio. As a result of this analysis, a typical diversified portfolio includes asset classes such as cash, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, exchange traded funds, private equity, hedge funds, commodities and real estate. Then comes the bottom up analysis, which is about analyzing securities within the selected asset classes. A common approach is to identify the undervalued securities within these asset classes using valuation models.
3. Then the final step, feedback. With time investors’ preferences change, the risk and return of the asset classes also change, and with the changing market prices of securities the portfolio composition changes as well. For example, if there were 30% stocks in your portfolio, and as a result of bull market the price of the stocks has increased making stocks 40% of your portfolio. The manager must evaluate these features and rebalance the portfolio according to the IPS. This process includes buying and or selling of securities to readjust the weight back to their desired percentages. Also, the portfolio manager must compare the portfolio performance to the benchmark and make any necessary changes.
At SAMT AG a similar but modified protocol is followed for portfolio management, making the planning, execution and feedback streamlined so that everything is transparent and you directly supervise your portfolio. There are four simple steps involved, first, fill out the form, second, schedule a telephone call with us where you can ask questions, step 3, wire money, and step 4 we manage your portfolio while you supervise everything right in front of you, from your log-in area.